Creating the Prompts

Creating prompts for dialogic reading involves going through the book and developing a set of strategies that correspond to specific parts of the book. These prompts are written on sticky notes and attached to the pages in which you plan to use them. The sticky notes serve as reminders to use the prompts you’ve created at various points throughout storybook reading.

You can use CROWD to create the specific prompts. CROWD stands for Completion, Recall, Open-ended, Wh- questions, Distancing—a specific set of prompts used during dialogic reading.  You can use all of the CROWD prompts during storybook reading or select one or two to find out which ones work best for young children. You can also create specific prompts to match the developmental needs of young children. As discussed by Dr. Lonigan in Video 6.4., if you have a group of children who are not able to express themselves well verbally, you can think of the prompts in terms of levels and begin with more basic prompts such as Wh-questions and later move on to more advanced prompts such as open-ended and recall questions or distancing prompts.

Following the instructions on Activity 6.5a, first listen to Dr. Christopher Lonigan in Video 6.4, then watch videos 6.5 and 6.6 to learn how to prepare a book with CROWD prompts.  Lastly, use Handout 6.3 to prepare a book for dialogic reading.

Video 6.4: Dr.Christopher Lonigan: Using CROWD prompts

Dr. Christopher Lonigan, a professor of psychology at Florida State University, talks about how you can use the CROWD prompts depending on the developmental needs of the children. (running time: 4 min. 37 sec.)

Video 6.5: Preparing a book for dialogic reading

A teacher shows how to prepare a book for dialogic reading using the CROWD prompts and sticky notes. (running time: 1 min. 48 sec.)

Video 6.6: Demonstration of how to use CROWD prompts

An instructor shows a class how to read a book to a group of children using the CROWD prompts and dialogic reading practices. (running time 3 min. 6 sec.)