Implementing the Foundations of Inclusion Training Curriculum: Online Discussion Board

Please use this space to share your experiences, resources, and dilemmas. In this space, we can all continue to support and learn from one another in conducting professional development particularly around implementing the Foundations of Inclusion training curriculum.

There are several ways to participate in the discussion:
1) You can click on "Add new comment" below to share your experiences and dilemmas or questions.
2) You can also click on  "reply" to respond to what other people have written.
3) If you have any electronic copies of resources you would like to share with others, please email us at so that we can help you post it here. As a start, we have posted a resource, An administrator's guide to preschool inclusion (Odom & Wolery, 2000). This resource was shared by one of your fellow participants, Susan Dean. Thank you Susan! 

ECRII_Administrators_Guide_2000.pdf3.34 MB
media_permisn_en.pdf95.38 KB
media_permisn_esp.pdf119.06 KB
Foundations_of_Inclusion_Facilitators_Guide_RevOct13.pdf1.33 MB
Foundations_of_Inclusion_Facilitators_Guide_Word_RevOct2013.doc4.56 MB
Foundations_of_Inclusion_Training_Curriculum_Facilitation_Slides.ppt13.55 MB


To what extent do your

To what extent do your school’s programs and policies reflect gender inclusion for all students? How do current practices meet the legal requirements such as those in California’s AB1266 or other similar laws? Burger lyon

Inclusion Fair

I really like the idea shared in the webinar about an inclusion fair.  If your county/area does something where community partners come together to share information and be accessible in one place for our early childhood educators, could you please share more information about it?  Thank you!

Additional Inclusion Training

I am just curious as to how many of you are planning to use this new Foundations of Inclusion Curriculum again in the Spring or later and, if so, are you planning to use the same set up or are you planning to offer the training in several sessions?  There has been lots of discussion about the need to divide the topics and extend the time.  I am just curious, now that we are at this point, how many have plans to do so.
I plan to offer it again but it will be in at least two sessions, of about 2.5 hours each, with the first one focusing on the definition, laws and need for policies.  The second one would cover the rest and possibly a homework assignment on developing or revision their policies.

Additional Inclusion Training

We plan to implement it on a quarterly basis.  I would like to break it up into 2 sessions.  We have had a lot of positive feedback on the training and have several providers who want to sign up.

Additional Training

Thanks Ashley.  Hope it goes well!

Extending the training time

Hi Michelle,

We will be discussing this at the webinar afterwards because it is something that has come up alot! Thanks for sharing your ideas on how you might do it differently.


Inclusion Ice Breaker

I thought I would share this, as it had big impact on our group.  As our icebreaker for this training, we used the purse activity.  I'm not sure what the actual name of this activity is, but we aimed at setting the stage for thinking about how each day, parents are leaving in the provider's care, their most precious possession.  Each participant is asked to grab their purse or if they don't have it with them to imagine the contents of their purse then take out the item that means the most to them.  Once they have done this they are to turn to someone next to them to tell them why this item is so valuable.  Next, we tell them we now want them to give that item to the person they shared with to keep until the end of the training.  Expect to get some "I don't think so" looks.  After a pause, we tell them to relax, we're not going to ask them to do that, but to now think about how it made them feel to know that we wanted them to give that special item to someone else.  We explain that this is how a parent feels every time they drop their child off, to include the parents that have children who are differently-abled.  A child might have challenging behaviors or a disability that requires lots of extra time and patience, but we need to be mindful and remember that they are still someone elses most important possession. 
Did anyone else have a good one they would like to share?  We're always looking for good icebreakers and segue's into the next section activities :)

As a mother of two children,

As a mother of two children, I can really relate to the rise in emotions this activity creates. Even though my children are grown, I still tell them they are my most precious possession.  It also makes even more aware of how a parent of a child with special needs would feel.  I will definitely use this opening activitiy and thanks for sharing!

Everyone One Brings Something to the Table

Hey Hey:
Everyone Brings Something to the Table is a great icebreaker to illustrate the importance of collaboration to support children with special needs and their families. You simply prepare a handout with the alphabets and encourage groups to work together to find items in their purses/bags/pockets,etc.  that represents each letter of the alphabets. You may provide small token prizes to the group that completes the activity first.

Thanks for sharing the ideas

Hi Rhodus and Jeanneal,

Thanks for sharing the ideas for ice breakers. We will 'see' you shortly at the webinar.


Adapting Materials

While facilitating the workshop, I had to find ways to simplify some of the content for the participants.  For example, I bought in toys and materials that I had adapted to support children with special needs such as putting paint in an empty roll on deoderant so chilren with sensitivity to texture could use to paint.  It was helpful for participants to actually see how to adapt materials for use in the classroom.

Adapting Materials

You are right.  It is always better for them to having something tangible to relate to.  This is one reason the training could last a lot longer!  But, it would be well worth it. 
I created a book with pictures that they passed around during the activities to use as idea starters and to make it more real. 

adaptive equipment

What a great idea... and I think you could probably fill the entire 2 hours with ideas like this :)

Handout Addition & Resource

To highlight the family's perspective on inclusion and facilitate our discussion on outcomes for children with special needs, we added Welcome to Holland by Emily Perl Kingsley:

Very Helpful

The article was very helpful.  I have shared it with several co-workers.

That is a wonderful resource.

That is a wonderful resource.


Someone else in the group mentioned this as a good addition to the training. Thanks for sharing.

Chih Ing


Just curious... were we supposed to keep up with the number of posts we made for the CEU?  Or how do we know if we have met that requirement or not?

You have more than made it

Hi Johanna,

You have contributed beyond the required amount and I really want to thank youh for your generosity in sharing your ideas and challenges with everyone. Cindy Broadway would have contacted folks who have not met the requirement. The requirement was 6 comments.

chih ing 

foundations of inclusion -adaptive examples

One of our final segments for our training was demonstrating adaptations.
We shared ways to: add pegs to puzzles, turn roll-on deoderant appliators into painters, wrapping paintbrushes and writing tools with hairbands, adding a "stress ball" to a paintbrush handle, using popsicle sticks as page turners, giant books, etc.  We also allowed the providers to share their ideas, and several useful suggestions were shared. This was quite an animated, yet productive conversation.

final segments

What a great idea!!! I love it. I will use this for my next training. Thanks for the ideas.

Concern for center policies

We have an increasing concern for centers that do not have inclusive policies built into their manuals or handbooks.  Are others fiinding this to be a problem?  We are considering isolating the piece of training about what "great" inclusive policies look like from the training and incorporating it into a mini session at a directors meeting?  Any other thoughts or suggestions? 

Participant's Comments- Policies- Staff Training

A reall life challenge was shared during our training. Two participants shared that they were the only individuals trained (by the child's parents) to care for a child who uses a feeding tube. Their released personnel were not trained as well. This is scray and has remained with me after the training. This incident reminded me of the need for on-going training and suppor for all staff members.


I agree. I think this section on center policy should be extricated from the Foundations training. It seems to me that stressing the law and how it can/should be applied in early childhood program policy is suffcient for foundations.
A more intensive training on developing inclusive policies in your program would be an excellent stand alone.

Resource Question & Facilitator's Dilemma

I facilitated the "Build Your Knowledge" section of our training. While reviewing the handout, Research Synthesis Points on Quality Inclusive Practices, I found myself searching for different ways or strategies for expanding upon or explaining Tiered Modles of Instruction/Intervention. Are there resources ( in layman's language) to support facilitators' and participants' understanding of Tiered Models of Instruction/Intervention?

Layman's language for Tiered Instruction

Hi Rhodus,
In addition to Chih-Ing's suggestion about looking at the CONNECT module on Tiered Approaches, you might want to check out the self-guided, self-paced CONNECT course entitled All, Some and Few, which is focused on tiered instruction.  It is designed for early childhood teachers.  The course is FREE now if you register before the end of the year.  Here is the link:  Let me know what you think about it.  THANKS

Thank you

Hey Hey:
Thanks so much. I will definitely look into using these resources. Takle care. Rhodus

Examples for Research Synthesis

Hi Rhodus,

CONNECT has a module on tiered instruction with many resources demonstrating various examples of foundational / targeted practices for supporting social emotional or academic learning. Within that module, we also have a video that explains what tiered instruction is. Let me know if this will be helpful:

chih ing

Thanks so much

Hey Hey Chih ing:
How ae you? Thanks so much. This is great to know.  Take care. Rhodus

Foundation of Inclusion Training Time Constraints

The biggest hurdle I had in wrapping my head around this training, was "How in the world are we going to fit all this in, and do it justice?"
This manifested itself in the actual delivering of the workshop as well.  This subject is so vital, I hate to give short-shrift to any portion.
I believe that this should be broken down into two separate pieces...Foundations of Incluson Part I (Law, Policy and Rights), and Foundations of Inclusion Part II (Policies,Research/Applications, Adaptations). I know that the content might not be separated exactly like this, but the two-parter would allow us to truly cover the basics in a comprehensive manner.

Policy is a missing element

Hi Paula,
My partner Katie and I too had this same throught following our training.  We had some great discussion with every turn in our training and saw a desire to go deeper, especially in the subject of admissions and policy.  To piggy back off of what Katie has said about there being a concern with childcare centers not even having inclusion policies written into their manuals, it would be so powerful to break this training up into two days so that a more intensive focus can be placed on policy, or rights, or whatever the "feel" of the particular group is. 

Two Parts

I too struggled with this being alot of information in a short amount of time.  Your breakdown of the two parts is quite logical.  I know I would have NO trouble doing a two hour training on each section!

Two part session

I also agree that this workshop can be done on in 2 sessions.  There would give the participants enough time to go more in depth , especially with the discussions.

Something we'll look into

Hi Paula,

Yes, we have gotten feedback from many other of your TA colleagues that it can be offered as a 2-part series. We will definitely take that into consideration when making revisions to the training curriculum.

Confusing Code

I am having a rough time with the codes at the end of the posting.  I have tried 5 times before it would accept the posting. Are others having this problem?

Mrs. Lydia, Just be sure to

Mrs. Lydia,
Just be sure to type it exactly as printed in the box. The text is case sensitive. I hope this helps. Thanks!!!


Hi Lydia,

Sorry that you had trouble with the CAPTCHA. Unfortunately, spammers have been keeping us on our toes and we had to put up this security measure. There was an earlier conversation as well about the difficulty in the codes, so you are not the only one.


It went well

We were a bit anxious after reading the early comments on the discussion board but our workshop went well.  The people inthe workshop were involved and actively participated.  I agree with a lot of the postings that more time would be better.

Reflections on Training

Our training went well. Participants were engaged and experienced. Children with special needs and their families  were currently enrolled in several programs or have been in the past. We were able to tailor the content to meet our participants' needs and build upon their knowledge and experiences. Because it is not unusal to feel you are "preaching to the choir" or those who are already committed, we encouraged our participants to share this information with  other families, colleagues and administrators.

Foundations of Inclusion

Sorry about joining the discussion at such a late date.  Our group tried posting but we were unable to do so.  We are back in the game again.

Foundations of Inclusion Pre-Test and Post-Test

We did not use the prescribed pre and post tests.
I felt that if I were a relatively "green" provider, taking this intro-level workshop, that the pre-test would be VERY intimidating.
We simplified the tests and made sure that they were mirrors of each other.
I think the infomation we got was just as useful (and basically the same in intention), but much less off-putting.
I will send our tests as an attachment if anyone is interested.

Please share pre / post test

Hi Paula,

You can email the survey to me so that I can share it with the group on this board.


foundations of inclusion: revised facilitators guide

I like this revised facilitator's guide MUCH better. It seemed more concise, and I especially appreciated the coordination of the slide numbers and the accompanying resources and activities. This really helped my organization. I color coordinated everything that went together and it sped things up greatly.

Glad it is useful

I understand from Rhodus that you all implemented the training curriculum on 11.12.13. How did that go and what was your experience as well as the learners' feedback?

chih ing

We did, and it went VERY

We did, and it went VERY well.
Our group of 10 brought a variety of experience with inclusion. Everyone had at least some familiarity with the subject, and some had good hands on experience. They were all able to share/participate, and the discussions were the richest part of the workshop.
There was some resistance that I think stemmed from the technical language in the presentation. I think more work needs to be done in translating some of the materials to "layman's terms."

foundations of inclusion

I am so happy to be able to get into the system!
The last time I tried, I was not able to post anything. If you need specifics: I got no response when I clicked on "add new comment." On secod attempt, I was able to add commens, but when I tried to submit, nothing ever showed up.
So, I am sorry to be so late to the game, but happy to be playing!
My first comment was: I am so happy to have other TA partners to help me sort through this. I definitely needed their input.

Welcome, Paula!!

Hi Paula,

You may have tried to post the comments during the time when the site was attacked by spam and we were working out the system security, so thanks for not giving up.  We are glad that this online discussion has turned out to be like a Community of Practice. Everyone has been so generous with sharing their ideas, strategies as well as challenges.


Sample Policies

Does anyone have a good resource for creating policies on Inclusion. I have reviewed several from our county and they are very vauge and only  a couple of sentences long. I hate to recreate the wheel if someone has a sample that they would be willing to share or provide direction as to where to look.
Cherie White

Samples of Inclusion policy

Hi Cherie,

I shared this resource earlier as someone else had asked about it but it probably got buried somewhere. The Center for Community Inclusion and Disability Studies at the University of Maine has sample policies as well as many other useful resources related to inclusive policies: 

These are also the developers of the handout on inclusion policies that we have included as part of the training curriculum. 

Chih Ing

Thank you for sharing this

Thank you for sharing this resource.