Implementing the Foundations of Inclusion Training Curriculum: Online Discussion Board

Please use this space to share your experiences, resources, and dilemmas. In this space, we can all continue to support and learn from one another in conducting professional development particularly around implementing the Foundations of Inclusion training curriculum.

There are several ways to participate in the discussion:
1) You can click on "Add new comment" below to share your experiences and dilemmas or questions.
2) You can also click on  "reply" to respond to what other people have written.
3) If you have any electronic copies of resources you would like to share with others, please email us at so that we can help you post it here. As a start, we have posted a resource, An administrator's guide to preschool inclusion (Odom & Wolery, 2000). This resource was shared by one of your fellow participants, Susan Dean. Thank you Susan! 

ECRII_Administrators_Guide_2000.pdf3.34 MB
media_permisn_en.pdf95.38 KB
media_permisn_esp.pdf119.06 KB
Foundations_of_Inclusion_Facilitators_Guide_RevOct13.pdf1.33 MB
Foundations_of_Inclusion_Facilitators_Guide_Word_RevOct2013.doc4.56 MB
Foundations_of_Inclusion_Training_Curriculum_Facilitation_Slides.ppt13.55 MB


Family Child Care Home Providers

Has anyone done this training for a group of FCCH providers? We have a large number of homes in Forsyth County that are enrolled in a professional development program called The Continuum of Professional Development and we are looking at using this training as one we offer them. Just curious how it has gone and what the response has been with this group?

We did our training with 10

We did our training with 10 providers, 5 of whom are from FCCH's.
I honestly felt that the home providers were much more behind the concepts and policies of inclusion. I think this stems from the fact that these providers can make decisions for themselves. The center providers all shared frustration with their administration/adminisrative policies. The home providers were especially eager for resources and responsive to concrete examples. I liked the sense of immediacy and "can do" attitude we got from this group.
Just an additional thought however: I do think the balance of center and home providers made for a balanced discussion and a positive sharing of perspectives.

FCCH training

We would not be able to get enough of our FCCH providers to attend by themselves. Most come only for the required in-service training hours. Some are taking classes at the community college, maybe 1 a semester, so we do not see them for trainings. They just do not have the time usually.  A lot of them are taking online classes for in-service hours too.

Thanks for the information on FCCH

Hi Delaine,

Thanks for the information. Do you know where they are taking their online classes? Is it also through community colleges?


Online classes

Some are taking classes through the Community Colleges.  WIth the increased presence of online classes through different agencies there is a lot more variety of classes available to them from across the state. I have several that are actually taking classes through the online universities too.  USDA food programs also offer classes that they can use for in-service hours.  The DCDEE list has a lot more online approvals now than they used to have.

When I offered the training

When I offered the training it was open to anyone that wanted the info.  There were 4 FCCH providers mixed in with 9 center teachers and 1 center director.  I think that this mixture worked well to get several view points.  However, I might consider offering this for just FCCH because there was conversation about the difference of a center environment and a FCCH environment and how that can help or hinder setting up an inclusive enviornment. 

Our workshop had a mixture of

Our workshop had a mixture of FCCH providers as well as teachers from centers.  However it worked well.  It was good to hear the different views from the different facilities. 


I think the FCCH providers are a good group to reach out to. If you click on Page 5 of this discussion board (Beginning with Delanie's comment), there was a discussion about FCCH providers and how they have seen an increase in the number of children with disabilities in their care. CONNECT Module 5 on assistive technology starts with a FCCH provider's dilemma that would probably speak to the group.


Family child care providers do have the benefit of having a small environment and fewer children so families will enroll their children with disabiities in this type of environment.  However, as a former FCCH provider, I remember the times when it would have been helpful to have an extra hand because of the multi-age group that I worked with.  This extra hand is even more needed when a child needs extra attention due to a disability.  It is important that we try to include small environments, including FCC homes, when we offer technical assistance and training on inclusion.


Thank you all for your comments and feedback on FCCH's participation in the training thus far. We are going to offer a training session strictly for FCC and see how it goes.

Cancelled Training

In Forsyth County we offered this training as a Lunch and Learn session and was saddend that not enough people signed up to offer it. We did however get invited to present this topic at a conference in March.

Cherie, In March we will be


In March we will be able to incorporate some of the strategies and knowledge from our peers experience that will ensure a successful learning session. It seems that there is a lot of interest from participants regarding inclusion policies. Can we research and secure additional resources that will help them with this topic? Also, I think using some pieces from the Cultural Competence Breakthrough series will further aide in making this impactful for participants.

Re: Cancelled training

Hi Cherie,

Thanks for sharing that. I know at least one other participant who had to cancel training too because of low interest. Have you provided a lunch and learn session on other topics before and if so, what was the take up rate?

Cancelled Training

 We offered the training as well for a conference in Robeson County and it didn't garner any participants either. What more can be done to stimulate interest?  Does anyone have a tag line or a selling point that worked well for them? Thanks!

Garnering Interest

This is a real dilemma. Even when Susan Deans  and I were at Partnerships for Inclusion, we reached a place where you were hesitant to use the term "inclusion" in training's  title to increase interest. I know -sounds very deceptive. So we used tiltes such as can i play too, supporting ALLchildren,etc. Our objectives highlited the content  related to inclusion. I know that we cannot change the title of this session. Your  experiences and comments are very valid.

Something to consider

HI Rhodus,

Thanks for sharing. You and Susan have such a wealth of experience on inclusion and I do appreciate you all for providing many good strategies and ideas to the group.

Chih Ing

We try and offer lunch and

We try and offer lunch and learn sessions on a quarterly basis, just as another training time option and are hit or miss. We are looking to offer it again next quarter as an evening training to see what the response is.

I work with Cherie and host a

I work with Cherie and host a number of lunch and learn sessions. Typically we have a nice turn-out when we serve lunch for participants. We are incorporating creative ways to advertise and increase awareness about this workshop in an effort to increase participation.

Increasing participation

The lunch and learn idea is a great one. However, we're not able to pay for food unless it's like the board meeting or something. However, I will see if somehow we can get around that, because that would definitely help draw participants.

Carla,   Often times we try

Often times we try to incorporate the cost of lunch in the registration fee, and we keep the menu simple such as pizza, or subs ($5.00 foot long cut in 1/2) so that we can minimize cost.

Good idea!

I hadn't thought of that. I guess I'll have to talk to our Professional Development people to see if that's something that I can do. Thanks!

Lack of interest

Hi Tarsha, Cherie and Leslie,

Thanks for sharing your challenge. Pam and I did notice from the comments on the board that getting participants has been a challenge for many, though most managed to still carry out their training with 8-10 people. I think one of your colleagues even conducted a session for 3 attendees. Perhaps it is something that we can discuss and brainstorm as a group tomorrow on the webinar.


17 attended 25 scheduled

We actually had 17 attend the training and 25 signed up (we thought this was wonderful considering we had a horrible storm that night.)  We had spent time "talking up" this training at several different meetings where child care administrators, educators and staff were in attendance.  I think that really helped with filling the spots for our training.  We had also thought about providing all the classrooms/teachers that we work with now regarding inclusion related issues a personal invite to the training to see if we could keep attendance up and also to those that need it most. 

Low attendance

Low attendance may be due to the time of the year.  We usually have low attendance in trainings until after the first of the year.  Providers will need more in-service training hours after January.  Our trainings usually fill up in the eary part of the year and then once they have the in-service hours we do not see them for a while.

I agree, Our trainings tend

I agree, Our trainings tend to be full from February-Mid June and then again August-Mid October and fewer during July and November-January.  Which we think has to do more with the holidays than with the need for in-service hours in our area. 

Preparing Inclusive Policies

Some of the comments from the Director's session on the post surveys were regarding creating the "Inclusion  Policies"  for the parent/staff handbook.  It was helpful when we spent time reviewing and discussing the "Writing and Inclusion Policy" guide for child care centers and homes. The director's spent alot of time on this and evealuting their center philosophy. This lead to a great discussion overvall on what type of environment do we want to create for all children.

Andee, While the directors


While the directors were reviewing their policies regarding inclusion, what specific content areas were they able to identify that needed additional attention?

Inclusive Policies

I was not able to spend as much time on developing inclusive policies as I would like to have because of the need to "build knowledge".  Most facilities have some language in their policies (even it if is just a few words or a sentence) on having an inclusive environment, but some are very vague.  Does anyone plan to do a follow-up on developing inclusive policies and if you were able to discuss this more in your training, what concerns did the participants have in incorporating this information into their policies? 

Teacher training

I had planned to have an evening Foundations for Inclusion session for the teachers  that followed our Director's meeting.  I was disappointed that we did not have enough participants to hold the training, and ultimately needed to cancel the session, at least for now.  Many of the director's had planned to attend with their staff, but when that did not happen, we did not have the required attendance needed.  Once we reconvene the director's again, we can readdress this training and come to a concensus that it would be imperative for the diectors and teachers to particpate together to make an impact.  I hope to follow through with this training in th spring.

Webinar options for those traveling to Charlotte on December 11

For those of you traveling to Charlotte on December 11th to attend the TA/Coaching/Mentoring pilot @ Child Care Resources Inc., we would like to invite you to join us at Child Care Resources for the Inclusion Webinar.  We will have several staff from CCRI particpating and welcome the company.  Address below:
Child Care Resurces Inc.
4600 Park Road., Suite 400
Charlotte, NC 28209
Thank you,


Thank you Cindy!  I will take you up on your offer :)  I will see you for the webinar.


Thanks Cindy for helping to host those who will be in Charlotte and need a place to join in the webinar.



My partner and I completed our first training on Tuesday, November 26th.  We were very excited because the class filled up quickly!  We felt prepared for the class, thanks in part to the curriculum guide, the training in Greensboro and the great comments/questions on this disccusion board.  We knew that we were going to get some rainy weather, but it never crossed our mind that we should prepare for anything else.  Well... 3/4 of the way through our training, the power went out! :(  Instead of being able to really work through the "I have this child..." activity in small groups, we completed it orally and with the whole group because we had barely any light.  Even though the training had a few "bugs" that were beyond our control, I think overall the response to the class was fantastic!  The participants asked a lot of great questions and I think they left with a better understanding of what inclusion truly means and how they play a role in providing a high quality inclusive environment for all children.  I will say that they were EXTREMELY anxious about completing the pre-survey and it took several prompts by us to even get them to try and answer the questions.  I am looking forward to teaching this training again, but plan on extending it to a 2 day training.  I don't want to rush participants through the material and I want to honor their interest in inclusion by not cutting them short if we need to stop and reflect/apply it to their classrooms.  Thanks again for the opportunity and I look forward to the webinar on the 11th!

The flexibiltiy of early

The flexibiltiy of early educators at their best.  Congraluations on making a stressful situaltion run smoothly.  I too, feel more time is needed to fully give the participants time to process the information and reflect on best classroom/center practices.

Wow - power outage!

Hi Katie,

Thanks for sharing your experience and congratulations on pulling off the training despite the power outage. And it's great to hear that people were interested in the training. How many people did you get in your session? I understand that some other trainers have had trouble filling the spaces in their regions. Any tips on how and what you all did?


Our Training

Hi Chih-Ing,
I'm Katie's partner and we had 17 ladies attend our training.  It was a mixed group of mostly lead teachers and teacher's assistants, but we did also have a director and one young lady who is floater in her center.  Despite the unexpected power outage, I share Katie's feeling about how well the training went and how engaged our participants were.  We followed the curriculum and didn't really do anything different other than lots of encouragemet for others to share their stories and Katie and I sharing ours as well. 
Jeaneal :)


When I pass out the pre-survey, I always make a point of telling the participants that they are not expected to know the answers.  If they did, why were they at the training?  That seems to put them at ease.  I did change the pre/post test to be mulitple choice which is way easire and less threatening than than the origional test where you had to fill in the blank.  I try to scan the pre-test to gauge knowledge and to see what areas I needed to pay more attention to.  As you can guess, when I did my training most participants got maybe three or four answers correct on the pretest, but all 8, 9 or 10 on the post.

Pre-test woes

Ha! The same thing happened in our group. They were very uneasy about not knowing the answers right off the bat - particularly because they were Directors. I think a group of teachers would feel the same way, though. Our participants were also much more confident in their post-test experience and they commented on how much they learned in such a short time period. Tracy and I joked with them about our experience with the pre-test before attending the Train-the-Trainer and how we didn't score so well, either. This seemed to put them at ease! At the end when they took the post-test, we wanted them to reflect on being in a position (at the end of the training) where they did have more knowledge, and they did that.

Thanks Johanna for the ideas

Thanks Johanna for the ideas on how to calm the nerves of participants who get nervous about the pre-survey. And that is great that you could see a difference in the pre and post test scores.


This is helpful to read, because to be honest I was a bit nervous with the Pre-Test. I will remember this for the next time we offer this training. Thanks

My training

I completed my first training last night with 14 participants.  We had lots of great discussion throughout.  The ones with more knowledge helped lead the discussion within each group from activity to activity.  Getting ready for the training I thought the participants would enjoy (get the most out of) the “I have this child” activity but most stated that the discussion around the “build your knowledge” activity was the most helpful. 
Like some of you stated from your trainings; very few… only one out of the eight programs that were represented during the training had some form of admission policies around inclusion.  All agreed that they needed to start working on one or talk to their director about creating one.  I allowed a few minutes for them to explore a copy of the “Administrator’s Guide to Preschool Inclusion” and got emails from everyone to send them the document.  Due to the cost of printing the 180 page document I could not give them a copy.
I gave the pre/post to a few of my co-workers before the training and they had trouble figuring it out so, I decided to change the pre/post into a multiple choice survey.  It still overwhelmed many at the beginning but by the end you could see the light bulbs going off… most got 90% or better on the post.
The only problem that I had was timing… because of the great conversations taking place we ended up going over about 20 minutes.  Luckily with this group no one noticed until they were leaving and did not complain.  Before I offer this training again I need to figure out a way to keep on time or just go ahead and advertise it as a 2.5 hour training.
 Sorry for writing a book!

My Training

Leslie, I also thought the "I Have This Child" activity would be the main activity, however, we really did not spend much time on this one because we spent a lot of time on "Building Your Knowledge".  I think the ...."Child" activity could be expanded on and used in a follow-up training also. 

I Have This Child

Because we were running out of time, we actually implemented the "I Have this Child" activity with the accmpanying action plan, as a whole group discussion. I read two scenarios and then we walked through them identifying resources and actions for each of the four steps on te Action Planning Form. The group needed some prompting to get started, but by the second scenario, they were coming up with good ideas and strategies. I think doing it as small groups would have been much more difficult to monitor and keep to a reasonable time limit.

We spent most of our time on

We spent most of our time on the "Buildining Your Knowledge" activities, too.  When the PP slide for the "I Have This Child" came up, we discussed them as a group and ways we can accomodate those children.   Many in the group at the beginning said they did not serve children with special needs, but when we discussed the child who was high energy and could not focus, several had that "Ah Ha" moment and realized they do serve a child (or children) with special needs.

I will keep this in mind for

I will keep this in mind for the next time I offer this training.  I had them to still work on the "I have this child" activity as a small group and then wrapped it up as a large group.  I'm sure that doing it as a large group would have saved time at the end when we were already out of time.

First workshop completed!

I completed the first workshop last Thursday,  there were 8 participants, which included 2 directors, a family home provider and several classroom staff.  The conversations were amazing!  I was so worried they would just look at me but they really got involved.  This is great information and they were each commented on something new they had learned.

Jennifer, Congratulations on


Congratulations on completing your workshop! Can you share thoughts or comments that the FCCH provider shared regarding inclusion?

HI Jennifer, Sounds like the

HI Jennifer,

Sounds like the group was very engaged and interested. How did you implement the curriculum so that it met the needs of your diverse audience? Please also let me have your last name if possible. (so that I can keep track of the comments for CEU credit purposes). Thanks!

Chih ing

Foundations of inclusion

Do we need to send in any paperwork after completing the class?

No you do not.

Hi Delaine

No you do not need to submit any paperwork after you completed your implementation. We will (after the webinar on December 11) send links to the evaluation of this PD sequence.

chih ing